- Anne of Bohemia
- (1366–1394)Anne of Bohemia was the daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV and in 1382 became the wife of King RICHARD II of England. She became popular among her English subjects and seems to have been a steady and calming influence upon the king, who was said to be inconsolable when she died of the plague in 1394. As queen, Anne was apparently a patron of such literary artists as Geoffrey CHAUCER, and the connections between England and Prague she brought were instrumental in creating the channel by which the ideas of the English theologian John WYCLIFFE were able to reach the Czech reformer Jan HUS. Anne was born in 1366 and married Richard when she was 15. She was less than a year older than her husband. By all accounts she was an intelligent, cultured, pious, and well-read woman. Because of her family background, she was well connected with aristocratic families across Europe. By the time of her marriage her brother Wenceslas (or Václav) IV was emperor, but, despite his lofty title, he had little money and could give her no dowry. The marriage agreement, however, specified that England would lend Wenceslas 15,000 pounds. These arrangements, added to her reputed lack of beauty, initially made Anne and her large Czech entourage unpopular in England. Over time, however, her charm won over the people, and endeared her to her husband. In particular she impressed the people of London by pleading their case to the king when, in 1392, he revoked the city’s charter because they had offended him. Most historians believe she was a calm and rational influence on Richard’s shorttempered and sometimes unstable personality. She was married to him for 12 years before dying of the plague at the age of 27. She never bore him any children. The spring after her death, Richard gave orders to destroy the royal manor at Sheen, where Anne had died.There are a number of traditions about Anne that are difficult to prove. One is that she owned copies of the gospels in Latin, German, and Czech. Another is that she possessed a Wycliffite or “LOLLARD” Bible. Still another claims that at one time she interceded for Wycliffe himself. These stories are not considered particularly reliable. It is certain, though, that through her connections there were scholarship opportunities for students from the University of Prague to attend Oxford and thereby to gain access to Wycliffe’s writings. Jerome of Prague, close friend and disciple of Jan Hus, is known to have been at Oxford in 1398 and to have brought manuscripts of some ofWycliffe’s treatises back to Prague.As a patroness of the arts, Anne’s reputation may be more deserved. John CLANVOWE dedicated his Book of Cupid to her. Chaucer pays her a compliment in TROILUS AND CRISEYDE when he speaks of England’s “first letter” being an “A,” and a famous frontispiece of one of the Troilus manuscripts portrays Chaucer reading the poem to Anne, Richard, and their court. It is also believed that Alceste in the prologue to The LEGEND OF GOOD WOMEN is an allegorical representation of Anne, who may have asked him to write the poem in 1386. In the original prologue, Chaucer asks that the poem be delivered to Queen Anne at the palace at Sheen. After her death, those two lines were removed from the prologue. Anne now lies buried with Richard in the tomb he commissioned in 1395 at Westminster Abbey.Bibliography■ Saul, Nigel. Richard II. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1997.■ Taylor,Andrew.“Anne of Bohemia and the Making of Chaucer,” Studies in the Age of Chaucer 19 (1997): 95–119.■ Thomas, Alfred. Anne’s Bohemia. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1998.■ Wallace, David. Chaucerian Polity: Absolutist Lineages and Associational Forms in England and Italy. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1997.
Encyclopedia of medieval literature. 2013.
Look at other dictionaries:
Anne of Bohemia — For other Anna s of Bohemia see Anne of Bohemia (disambiguation) Infobox British Royalty|majesty|consort name =Anne of Bohemia title =Queen consort of England caption = reign =20 January 1383 7 June 1394 coronation =22 January 1383 spouse… … Wikipedia
Anne of Bohemia — 1366 94, queen consort of Richard II of England. * * * … Universalium
Anne of Bohemia — noun 1366–94, queen of Richard II of England … Australian English dictionary
Anne of Bohemia — 1366 94, queen consort of Richard II of England … Useful english dictionary
Anne of Bohemia (disambiguation) — Anne of Bohemia may refer to:* Anna of Bohemia (1204 ndash;1265), Duchess consort of Silesia * Anna I of Bohemia (1290 1313), eldest surviving daughter of Venceslaus II of Bohemia, first wife of Henry of Carinthia, 1306 10 king of Bohemia * Anna… … Wikipedia
Anne, Duchess of Luxembourg — Anne of Bohemia and Austria (1432 ndash; 1462) was a Duchess of Luxembourg in her own right, and as consort, Landgravine of Thuringia and of Saxony.She was born into the House of Habsburg, being the eldest daughter of Albert of Austria, the… … Wikipedia
Anne de Bohème — Anne de Bohême Anne et Richard II Anne de Bohème (11 mai 1366 – 7 juin 1394), également connue comme la « bonne reine Anne », est la fille de Charles IV, empereur du Saint Empire romain germanique et roi de Bohème et Élisabeth de… … Wikipédia en Français
Anne de Bohême — Anne et Richard II Anne de Bohème (11 mai 1366 – 7 juin 1394), également connue comme la « bonne reine Anne », est la fille de Charles IV, empereur du Saint Empire romain germanique et roi de Bohème et Élisabeth de Poméranie. Elle est… … Wikipédia en Français
Anne Neville — For her mother, see Anne Neville, 16th Countess of Warwick. Anne Neville Queen consort of England Tenure 26 June 1483 – 16 March 1485 Coronation 6 July 1483 … Wikipedia
Anne of Świdnica — ( pl. Anna Świdnicka, de. Anna von Schweidnitz und Jauer, cs. Anna Svídnická) (1339 ndash; July 11, 1362 in Prague) was a Queen of Bohemia, a German Queen, and an Empress of the Holy Roman Empire. She was the third wife of Emperor Charles IV.Anne … Wikipedia